The Muslim community expanded rapidly after the Prophet’s death. Within a few decades, Islam had spread as far as Spain in the West & China in the East. Among the reasons for the rapid & peaceful spread of Islam was the simplicity of its doctrine.
As Muslim civilization developed, most of the significant philosophical & scientific works of ancient times were all rendered into Arabic, including works of astronomy, mathematics & medicine. As a result, Arabic became the most significant scientific language of the world for many centuries & the depository of much of the wisdom & the sciences of antiquity. Besides translation & preservation of ancient learning, these scholars built upon & developed the ancient heritage before passing it on to the West.
Muslims excelled in art, architecture, astronomy, geography, history, language, literature, medicine, mathematics, & physics. Many crucial systems such as algebra, the Arabic numerals, & the very concept of the zero (vital to the advancement of mathematics), were formulated by Muslim scholars & shared with medieval Europe. Sophisticated instruments that would make possible the after European voyages of discovery were invented or developed, including the astrolabe, the quadrant & navigational charts & maps. The Muslims of the early period of the Islamic era were pioneers in medicine, chemistry, physics, geography, navigation, arts, poetry, mathematics, algebra, logarithms, calculus, etc. They contributed to the Renaissance of Europe & world civilization.
Christians & Jews lived peacefully with Muslims throughout centuries in the Middle East & other Asian & African countries. Jews fled from Spain during the Inquisition, & they were welcomed by the Muslims. They settled in the heart of the Islamic Caliphate & enjoyed positions of power & authority. Throughout the Muslim world, churches, synagogues & missionary schools were built within the Muslim neighborhoods. These places were protected by Muslims even during the contemporary crises in the Middle East.
In modern times, Muslims have become established as minorities in places like North America. Muslims have established academic institutions, community centers & organizations, schools & places of worship. The Sears Tower & the John Hancock buildings in Chicago were designed by a Muslim chief architect. Muslims live in peace & harmony among themselves & among other groups of people in the society. The rate of crime among Muslims is very minimal. Muslims in North America are highly educated & they have added to the success of American scientific & technological fields.